For those that miss any days of fasting during Ramadan, there are two types of missed fasts. For any days missed through necessity, Fidya is payable. For any days missed unnecessarily, Kaffara is payable.
What is Fidya?
When someone cannot fast in Ramadan and cannot make them up afterwards, due to a terminal illness. They pay for someone else to be fed.
How much must be paid?
One must give one “mudd” of the main staple of one’s area to either someone who is poor (faqir) or short of money (miskin)
It is at a rate of £5 per each day that is missed. (This should provide one person with 2 meals or two persons with 1 meal.) If someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, it would amount to £150.
Donate your Fidya to OLT and we will use it to feed the hungry.
Kaffara is the penalty which is imposed by the Shariah for the deliberate and flagrant nullification of the Saum of Ramadan. A person who is unable to discharge the Kaffara because of ill-health or very old age, will have to feed 60 poor persons two full meals for the day or the amount in cash which is given as Sadqah Fitr.
How much does it cost?
To atone for the missed/broken fast, someone must either fast continuously for 60 days, or feed 60 poor people at a rate of £5 per day per person. This amounts to £300 Kaffara for each missed/broken fast.